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AGV叉車常用電池介紹

2020/6/28 9:08:45??????點擊:
AGV叉車(che)常采用(yong)24V或48V直流(liu)工(gong)業蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池為(wei)動力。蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池供電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)應達到額(e)定的(de)(de)安培(pei)小時值,一(yi)般(ban)應保證8h以上的(de)(de)工(gong)作(zuo)需(xu)要,對二班制工(gong)作(zuo)環境則要求17h以上的(de)(de)供電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)能力.蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)可(ke)采用(yong)隨(sui)機充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)和全周(zhou)期充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)兩種(zhong)方式(shi)。隨(sui)機充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)采用(yong)可(ke)任意充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)的(de)(de)汽車(che)免(mian)修蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池,在AGV叉車(che)的(de)(de)備用(yong)停(ting)泊站,無時間限(xian)制地隨(sui)時充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)。

如今AGV叉車(che)大多使用鎳鎘(ge)蓄電(dian)池(chi),鎳氫蓄電(dian)池(chi)、鋰(li)電(dian)池(chi)和鉛酸蓄電(dian)池(chi).下面(mian)就對以(yi)上幾(ji)種類型的電(dian)池(chi)進行簡(jian)單比較:

一、鎳(nie)鉻蓄電池

鎳鉻(ge)蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池其(qi)內阻(zu)小,可(ke)供大(da)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian),在放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)時電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓變化小和其(qi)他(ta)種類(lei)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)磁相(xiang)比之下,鎳鎘(ge)(ge)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池可(ke)耐(nai)過(guo)充電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)或(huo)放過(guo)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian),使(shi)用簡單方便(bian),放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓依據其(qi)放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流多(duo)少有些差異,大(da)體上(shang)是(shi)1. 2V左右鎳鎘(ge)(ge)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池的(de)(de)放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)終(zhong)止電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓為1. OV/cell,實使(shi)用溫范(fan)圍(wei)在-200C-600C,在此范(fan)圍(wei)內可(ke)進行放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)。可(ke)重復(fu)500次(ci)以上(shang)的(de)(de)充放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)。

二、鎳氫蓄電池

鎳(nie)氫電(dian)(dian)池(chi)能量(liang)比鎳(nie)鎘電(dian)(dian)池(chi)大(da)二倍(bei),用專門的(de)(de)充電(dian)(dian)器充電(dian)(dian)可(ke)(ke)在一小時(shi)內快(kuai)速(su)充電(dian)(dian),自放電(dian)(dian)特性(xing)比鎳(nie)鎘電(dian)(dian)池(chi)好,充電(dian)(dian)后可(ke)(ke)保留更長時(shi)間(jian),可(ke)(ke)重復500次以(yi)上(shang)的(de)(de)充放。

三、鋰電池

鋰電(dian)池(chi)擁有高(gao)(gao)能量(liang)密度,和高(gao)(gao)容(rong)量(liang)鎳鉻電(dian)池(chi)相比,其體積能量(liang)是(shi)(shi)其1.5倍(bei),能量(liang)密度是(shi)(shi)其2倍(bei)。高(gao)(gao)電(dian)壓(ya),平均使用(yong)電(dian)壓(ya)為3.6V,是(shi)(shi)鎳鉻、鎳氫(qing)電(dian)池(chi)的(de)3倍(bei),使用(yong)電(dian)壓(ya)平坦(tan)并且高(gao)(gao)容(rong)量(liang),使用(yong)溫度在-200C-600C。充放電(dian)壽(shou)命長(chang),在經過500次放電(dian)后其容(rong)量(liang)至少還有70%以上(shang)由于鋰電(dian)池(chi)具備能量(liang)密度高(gao)(gao)、電(dian)壓(ya)高(gao)(gao),工(gong)作(zuo)穩定等特點。

四、鉛酸蓄電池

鉛(qian)酸(suan)蓄電池是AGV叉車使(shi)用(yong)最為(wei)廣泛(fan)的電池,其以海綿(mian)狀的鉛(qian)作(zuo)為(wei)負極(ji),二(er)氧(yang)化鉛(qian)作(zuo)為(wei)正極(ji),我們吧這兩種物質成為(wei)活性物質使(shi)用(yong)硫酸(suan)水溶液作(zuo)為(wei)電解(jie)液,其共同參與(yu)電池的化學反(fan)應。

AGV叉車鉛(qian)酸蓄電(dian)池具有良好的可逆性(xing)、電(dian)壓特性(xing)平穩、使用(yong)壽命長、適用(yong)范圍廣、原材料豐富(fu)(且(qie)可再生(sheng)使用(yong))及造價低廉等優點。主(zhu)要應用(yong)在交(jiao)通運輸、礦山、港口(kou)、國(guo)防(fang)、計算機、科研等國(guo)民經(jing)濟各個領域,是社會生(sheng)產經(jing)營活(huo)動和人(ren)類生(sheng)活(huo)中不可缺少的產品。
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