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AGV叉車常用電池介紹

2020/6/28 9:08:45??????點擊:
AGV叉車(che)(che)常采用(yong)24V或48V直流工(gong)業蓄(xu)(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)為動力。蓄(xu)(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)供(gong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)應(ying)達到額(e)定的(de)(de)安(an)培小時(shi)值,一般應(ying)保證8h以上的(de)(de)工(gong)作需要(yao),對二(er)班制工(gong)作環境則要(yao)求17h以上的(de)(de)供(gong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)能(neng)力.蓄(xu)(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充電(dian)(dian)(dian)可采用(yong)隨(sui)機(ji)充電(dian)(dian)(dian)和全周期充電(dian)(dian)(dian)兩種(zhong)方式。隨(sui)機(ji)充電(dian)(dian)(dian)采用(yong)可任(ren)意充電(dian)(dian)(dian)的(de)(de)汽(qi)車(che)(che)免(mian)修(xiu)蓄(xu)(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),在(zai)AGV叉車(che)(che)的(de)(de)備(bei)用(yong)停泊站,無時(shi)間限(xian)制地隨(sui)時(shi)充電(dian)(dian)(dian)。

如(ru)今AGV叉車(che)大多使用鎳(nie)鎘蓄(xu)電池,鎳(nie)氫蓄(xu)電池、鋰(li)電池和鉛酸蓄(xu)電池.下(xia)面(mian)就對以上幾種類型的(de)電池進行(xing)簡單比較:

一、鎳鉻蓄電池

鎳(nie)鉻蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池其(qi)內阻(zu)小,可(ke)(ke)供大電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian),在(zai)(zai)放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)時電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓變化小和其(qi)他種(zhong)類電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)磁相比(bi)之下,鎳(nie)鎘(ge)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池可(ke)(ke)耐(nai)過充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)或放過電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian),使用簡單方便,放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓依據其(qi)放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流多少有些差異,大體上(shang)是1. 2V左右(you)鎳(nie)鎘(ge)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池的放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)終(zhong)止電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓為1. OV/cell,實使用溫范(fan)圍在(zai)(zai)-200C-600C,在(zai)(zai)此(ci)范(fan)圍內可(ke)(ke)進行放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)。可(ke)(ke)重復500次以(yi)上(shang)的充(chong)放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)。

二(er)、鎳氫(qing)蓄電池

鎳氫電(dian)(dian)池(chi)能量比鎳鎘電(dian)(dian)池(chi)大二倍,用(yong)專(zhuan)門的充(chong)電(dian)(dian)器充(chong)電(dian)(dian)可在(zai)一小時(shi)(shi)內(nei)快(kuai)速(su)充(chong)電(dian)(dian),自(zi)放電(dian)(dian)特性比鎳鎘電(dian)(dian)池(chi)好(hao),充(chong)電(dian)(dian)后可保(bao)留(liu)更長時(shi)(shi)間,可重復500次以上的充(chong)放。

三、鋰(li)電池(chi)

鋰(li)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)擁有高(gao)能(neng)(neng)(neng)量(liang)密(mi)度,和高(gao)容量(liang)鎳鉻電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)相比(bi),其體積能(neng)(neng)(neng)量(liang)是其1.5倍,能(neng)(neng)(neng)量(liang)密(mi)度是其2倍。高(gao)電(dian)(dian)(dian)壓,平均使(shi)用(yong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)壓為3.6V,是鎳鉻、鎳氫電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)的3倍,使(shi)用(yong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)壓平坦并且(qie)高(gao)容量(liang),使(shi)用(yong)溫度在-200C-600C。充放電(dian)(dian)(dian)壽命長,在經過500次放電(dian)(dian)(dian)后(hou)其容量(liang)至少(shao)還有70%以上(shang)由(you)于鋰(li)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)具(ju)備(bei)能(neng)(neng)(neng)量(liang)密(mi)度高(gao)、電(dian)(dian)(dian)壓高(gao),工作穩定等特(te)點。

四(si)、鉛(qian)酸(suan)蓄電(dian)池

鉛酸蓄電(dian)(dian)池是(shi)AGV叉車使用(yong)最(zui)為(wei)廣泛的電(dian)(dian)池,其(qi)以海綿狀的鉛作(zuo)為(wei)負(fu)極(ji),二氧(yang)化鉛作(zuo)為(wei)正極(ji),我們吧這兩種物(wu)(wu)質(zhi)(zhi)成為(wei)活性物(wu)(wu)質(zhi)(zhi)使用(yong)硫酸水溶液作(zuo)為(wei)電(dian)(dian)解(jie)液,其(qi)共同參與電(dian)(dian)池的化學反應。

AGV叉車鉛酸蓄電池具(ju)有良好的可(ke)逆性(xing)、電壓特性(xing)平(ping)穩、使(shi)用(yong)(yong)壽命長、適用(yong)(yong)范(fan)圍廣、原(yuan)材料豐富(且可(ke)再生使(shi)用(yong)(yong))及造價低廉(lian)等優點(dian)。主(zhu)要(yao)應用(yong)(yong)在交通運輸(shu)、礦山、港口、國防、計算機、科研等國民經(jing)濟各個(ge)領域,是(shi)社會生產(chan)經(jing)營活(huo)動和人(ren)類(lei)生活(huo)中不可(ke)缺(que)少的產(chan)品。
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