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汽車電瓶出現什么現象,表示電量過低,該充電啦

2019/3/4 10:13:42??????點擊:
  汽車電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)瓶(ping)屬于啟動性(xing)蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池。通過鉛與硫酸(suan)(suan)的(de)化學(xue)反應,達到儲(放(fang)(fang))電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)能的(de)物理作用。面板標注為(wei)xQWxxA/HxxxA,舉例(li):6QW55A/H300A,既為(wei):6節鉛酸(suan)(suan)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池,電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)55安(an)/時,最(zui)大放(fang)(fang)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流300安(an)培(pei)。主要(yao)指標:電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya):單位伏特(te)(V)鉛酸(suan)(suan)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池每單節(格)2,0伏特(te)。充電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)終止(zhi)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya)2.17—2.2伏特(te),放(fang)(fang)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)終止(zhi)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya)1.75伏特(te)。電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)單位為(wei)安(an)/小(xiao)時(A/H),常(chang)用多(duo)為(wei)40—70安(an)/小(xiao)時。以50安(an)/時為(wei)例(li):以5安(an)培(pei)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流持續(xu)放(fang)(fang)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian),可連續(xu)放(fang)(fang)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)10小(xiao)時(也稱十小(xiao)時放(fang)(fang)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)率)。
  最大放(fang)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流(liu)(liu):安培。直(zhi)流(liu)(liu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機啟動瞬間電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya)降(jiang)為0,電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流(liu)(liu)無限大。常見(jian)300—400安培之間。冷車阻力(li)(li)大,放(fang)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(起動)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流(liu)(liu)大且(qie)時(shi)間長(chang),熱車阻力(li)(li)小(xiao),狀態相反。充放(fang)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)循(xun)環次(ci)數,國(guo)際暢行(xing)標(biao)準多(duo)在(zai)8000—20000次(ci)之間。隨(sui)著充放(fang)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)次(ci)數增加,化學活性降(jiang)低(di),各項指標(biao)降(jiang)低(di),就離終止壽命不遠(yuan)(yuan)了。電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解(jie)液比(bi)重(zhong)(zhong):以室溫(wen)(wen)25度(du),滿(man)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)為1.28,電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya)0時(shi),比(bi)重(zhong)(zhong)1.0。溫(wen)(wen)度(du)升(sheng)(sheng)高(gao),比(bi)重(zhong)(zhong)上(shang)升(sheng)(sheng),溫(wen)(wen)度(du)降(jiang)低(di)比(bi)重(zhong)(zhong)降(jiang)低(di)。常見(jian)北(bei)方寒冷地(di)區啟動困(kun)難,與溫(wen)(wen)度(du)有直(zhi)接關系。老司機將開(kai)水澆電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),就是這(zhe)個道理(li)。長(chang)時(shi)間不用,電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解(jie)液上(shang)下比(bi)重(zhong)(zhong)不同產生(sheng)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)位(wei)差,即(ji)造(zao)成自放(fang)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)。這(zhe)就是為什么放(fang)時(shi)間長(chang)了,電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)沒電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)的(de)原因。免維護電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)面板上(shang)的(de)圓形(xing)綠(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)標(biao)志,就是比(bi)重(zhong)(zhong)計觀察(cha)(cha)窗,比(bi)重(zhong)(zhong)高(gao)時(shi)比(bi)重(zhong)(zhong)計上(shang)浮接近觀察(cha)(cha)窗,綠(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)標(biao)示即(ji)明顯。當比(bi)重(zhong)(zhong)底時(shi),比(bi)重(zhong)(zhong)計遠(yuan)(yuan)離觀察(cha)(cha)窗,綠(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)標(biao)示逐漸(jian)變(bian)小(xiao)至消失(shi),提示您:電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)低(di),該充電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)了。
  充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya)(ya)(ya):單位伏特(te)(te)。標準充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)終止(zhi)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)17—18伏特(te)(te),汽(qi)車(che)(che)(che)發動(dong)機(ji)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)13—14伏特(te)(te)。為什么汽(qi)車(che)(che)(che)的(de)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)比充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)的(de)底呢?汽(qi)車(che)(che)(che)放電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)經(jing)整流調壓(ya)(ya)(ya)后,為車(che)(che)(che)用(yong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)器使用(yong),為保(bao)護電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)子器件,電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)不能(neng)過高。這就(jiu)造成電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量不能(neng)充(chong)(chong)滿(man),但能(neng)夠滿(man)足啟(qi)(qi)動(dong)需(xu)求,電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量常在(zai)(zai)滿(man)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)容量的(de)百分(fen)(fen)之(zhi)七(qi)十(shi)上下。我們(men)的(de)手(shou)機(ji)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)與(yu)汽(qi)車(che)(che)(che)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)有很(hen)多相似,電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量低于百分(fen)(fen)之(zhi)二十(shi)就(jiu)會(hui)關(guan)機(ji),汽(qi)車(che)(che)(che)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)也是(shi)如此(ci)。苦于沒(mei)有電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya)(ya)(ya)(實電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓(ya)(ya)(ya))電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量顯示,能(neng)否啟(qi)(qi)動(dong)就(jiu)在(zai)(zai)一兩次(ci)期待(dai)之(zhi)間(誤區:能(neng)啟(qi)(qi)動(dong)就(jiu)有電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian),就(jiu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)量足),剛剛還(huan)能(neng)著(zhu)車(che)(che)(che),現在(zai)(zai)就(jiu)沒(mei)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)了,就(jiu)是(shi)這個(ge)原因。
  免(mian)維護不(bu)等于不(bu)維護,經常觀察(cha)比重觀察(cha)窗(chuang),可以防止(zhi)虧電。個人建議:每年入冬前進行(xing)一(yi)次充(chong)(chong)電機(ji)養護性充(chong)(chong)電,可避免(mian)虧電,并延長蓄(xu)電池壽命。當然,養護充(chong)(chong)電時能夠進行(xing)放電(測試電量)檢查更好!
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