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如何選購蓄電池充電機

2019/4/23 15:40:05??????點擊:
許多用戶(hu)在確(que)(que)定(ding)蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)功率(lv)時,由于資金的困擾(rao)和對蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)源(yuan)不(bu)甚了解,往往從目前機(ji)(ji)房設(she)備(bei)的容量(liang)去(qu)選擇蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)的功率(lv),這樣就會導(dao)致蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)功率(lv)容量(liang)與負載(zai)的功率(lv)相(xiang)同(tong)或略大。實際上這樣選擇是不(bu)明智的。選購蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)源(yuan)時,要根據自身(shen)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)網條件、用電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)環境、自然(ran)環境、用電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)設(she)備(bei)的特殊要求、應用和維護水平等因素,確(que)(que)定(ding)滿足(zu)需要的蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)源(yuan)。建議用戶(hu)從以下(xia)幾個(ge)方(fang)面(mian)來(lai)確(que)(que)定(ding)所選擇的蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)功率(lv)。
1、 確定所需蓄(xu)電(dian)池(chi)充電(dian)機的類(lei)型
1)根據(ju)負載(zai)對(dui)輸出穩(wen)定度(du)、切換時(shi)(shi)間、輸出波形要求(qiu)來(lai)確定是選擇在線(xian)(xian)式(shi)(shi)、在線(xian)(xian)互動(dong)式(shi)(shi)、后備(bei)式(shi)(shi)以(yi)及(ji)正弦波、方波等類型(xing)的(de)蓄(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)。在線(xian)(xian)式(shi)(shi)蓄(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)的(de)輸出穩(wen)定度(du)、瞬(shun)間響應能(neng)力(li)(li)比(bi)另外兩種強,對(dui)非線(xian)(xian)性(xing)負載(zai)及(ji)感性(xing)負載(zai)的(de)適應能(neng)力(li)(li)也較強。對(dui)一些(xie)較精(jing)密的(de)設(she)備(bei)、較重要的(de)設(she)備(bei)要求(qiu)采用(yong)在線(xian)(xian)式(shi)(shi)蓄(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)。在一些(xie)市電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)波動(dong)范圍比(bi)較大的(de)地區,避免使(shi)用(yong)互動(dong)式(shi)(shi)和后備(bei)式(shi)(shi)。 如果要使(shi)用(yong)發電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)配短延時(shi)(shi)蓄(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji),推薦在線(xian)(xian)式(shi)(shi)蓄(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)。
2)蓄(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)作為基礎供電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)設備,最重(zhong)要(yao)的(de)是可靠(kao)性(xing)。一般(ban)而言(yan),功(gong)率(lv)大(da)些的(de)蓄(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)的(de)MTBF(平均無故障時(shi)間)要(yao)遠遠高于(yu)小功(gong)率(lv)蓄(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)的(de)MTBF。因(yin)此(ci),從(cong)可靠(kao)性(xing)考(kao)慮(lv)應選擇功(gong)率(lv)大(da)一些的(de)蓄(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)機(ji)(ji)。
3)從投資成本或擴(kuo)容角度考慮,建議用戶根據建設資金、未(wei)來3~5年的(de)業務發展等方(fang)(fang)面(mian)情(qing)況(kuang),采(cai)取一次(ci)投資,一次(ci)到(dao)(dao)位的(de)方(fang)(fang)式;或是邊(bian)成長(chang)邊(bian)建設,選擇(ze)可升級、擴(kuo)容的(de)蓄電(dian)池充電(dian)機產品,避免因(yin)資金不(bu)足或業務發展預(yu)測不(bu)到(dao)(dao)位等因(yin)素帶來的(de)重復投資的(de)損失。
2、確定(ding)所需蓄(xu)電池(chi)充電機的(de)容量
如無特殊行業標準要求(qiu),建議按(an)如下方案考慮: 
1)、計算所有的(de)負載總和(he)(S=S1+S2+……+Sn),單(dan)位:VA; 蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)池(chi)充電(dian)機(ji)的(de)容量≥S÷0.8(考慮蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)池(chi)充電(dian)機(ji)的(de)抗沖擊能(neng)力及擴容需要)
2)、后備滿載供電時間不少于30分(fen)鐘。
在確(que)定(ding)蓄電池(chi)充電機(ji)電源的功率值(zhi)之后,還需要考慮蓄電池(chi)充電機(ji)的備用時(shi)(shi)間:標(biao)準型,備用時(shi)(shi)間為5~10分鐘;長(chang)延時(shi)(shi),備用時(shi)(shi)間為1~8小時(shi)(shi),保證長(chang)時(shi)(shi)間運(yun)轉;任意配置,可根據用戶特殊需求定(ding)制。
3、考慮斷電(dian)保(bao)護的性能(neng)以及電(dian)池(chi)的后備時間
蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)機電(dian)(dian)(dian)源(yuan)依備(bei)用(yong)時(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)間(jian)可(ke)(ke)分(fen)為標準型(xing)(xing)及長(chang)延時(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)型(xing)(xing)。標準型(xing)(xing)蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)機備(bei)用(yong)時(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)間(jian)為5-15分(fen)鐘,長(chang)效(xiao)型(xing)(xing)為1-8小時(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),甚至更長(chang)。假如(ru)您(nin)的(de)(de)設(she)備(bei)停電(dian)(dian)(dian)時(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),只需要存盤、退出即可(ke)(ke),建議選用(yong)標準型(xing)(xing)蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)機;假如(ru)您(nin)的(de)(de)設(she)備(bei)停電(dian)(dian)(dian)時(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),仍須長(chang)時(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)間(jian)運轉,那須選用(yong)長(chang)效(xiao)型(xing)(xing)蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)機。 
4、 附加(jia)功能
為了提(ti)高(gao)系統(tong)的(de)(de)可(ke)靠性,建議(yi)采用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)蓄(xu)電(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)熱(re)(re)備份系統(tong),可(ke)以(yi)考(kao)慮(lv)串聯熱(re)(re)備份或并聯熱(re)(re)備份。小容(rong)量的(de)(de)蓄(xu)電(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(1~2KVA)還(huan)可(ke)以(yi)選(xuan)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)冗余開關。 可(ke)以(yi)選(xuan)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)遠(yuan)(yuan)程監(jian)控(kong)面(mian)板,實(shi)現在(zai)(zai)遠(yuan)(yuan)端(duan)監(jian)視(shi)和控(kong)制蓄(xu)電(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)工作。 可(ke)以(yi)選(xuan)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)監(jian)控(kong)軟件,實(shi)現計(ji)算機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)和蓄(xu)電(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)之(zhi)間(jian)的(de)(de)智能(neng)化管理。 可(ke)以(yi)選(xuan)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)網絡(luo)適配器(qi),實(shi)現蓄(xu)電(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)網絡(luo)化管理(基于(yu)SNMP)。 在(zai)(zai)某些多(duo)(duo)雨多(duo)(duo)雷地區,可(ke)以(yi)配用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)防(fang)雷器(qi)。 還(huan)要考(kao)慮(lv)是(shi)(shi)否能(neng)夠對網絡(luo)使用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)和對外(wai)設(she)(she)進行保護(hu)(hu)。因為外(wai)設(she)(she)越(yue)來越(yue)齊全(如打印機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)、掃描儀(yi)),這部(bu)分(fen)設(she)(she)備也同(tong)樣需要保護(hu)(hu)。是(shi)(shi)否具備電(dian)纜線(xian)浪(lang)涌保護(hu)(hu)和數據(ju)線(xian)浪(lang)涌保護(hu)(hu)功能(neng)?在(zai)(zai)無(wu)人值守時(shi)是(shi)(shi)否能(neng)夠進行自(zi)動的(de)(de)系統(tong)關機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)?另外(wai),因為用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)戶(hu)商用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)桌面(mian)的(de)(de)蓄(xu)電(dian)池(chi)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)機(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)多(duo)(duo)放在(zai)(zai)自(zi)己(ji)的(de)(de)身邊,所以(yi)在(zai)(zai)產品的(de)(de)設(she)(she)計(ji)風格、制造工藝方面(mian)也是(shi)(shi)需要考(kao)慮(lv)的(de)(de)。
5、服務能力(li) 
每個用戶的網絡特點、電力環境都不相同,電源保護要求也隨之變化。用戶在使用蓄電池充電機時可能遇到的種種問題也不盡相同,用戶希望自己購置的是完全適合實際需求的產品和服務,而且關心設備投資的短期、長期回報率及投資風險。而現實是,絕大多數用戶缺乏這方面的專業人員,所以,優質的服務體系和主動的服務態度也成為用戶選購山特蓄電池充電機電源時必須考慮的一個重要因素。上海施能電器(qi)設(she)備有限公司始建(jian)于1984年,上海市高新技術企業,中國工業車輛優秀配套供應商,上海電器行業名優產品,主要生產工頻系列充電機,高頻系列充電機,鋰電池充電機系列放電機系列充放電機等電器產品。
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