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電池的分類和電池術語

2019/3/29 9:25:08??????點擊:
電池的(de)分類(lei)有(you)不同(tong)的(de)方法(fa),其分類(lei)方法(fa)大體上可分為三大類(lei)
第(di)一(yi)類:按(an)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解液種(zhong)類劃分(fen)包括:堿性電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解質(zhi)主要(yao)以氫氧化(hua)鉀火(huo)溶液為(wei)(wei)主的電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi):如(ru):堿性鋅(xin)錳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(俗稱(cheng)堿錳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)或堿性電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi))、鎘鎳(nie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),鎳(nie)氫 電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)等(deng)。酸(suan)性電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),主要(yao)以硫酸(suan)水(shui)溶液為(wei)(wei)介質(zhi),如(ru)鋅(xin)錳干電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(有(you)的消費者也稱(cheng)之為(wei)(wei)酸(suan)性電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi))、海水(shui)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)等(deng);有(you)機電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解液電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),主要(yao)以有(you)機溶液為(wei)(wei)介質(zhi)的電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),如(ru) 鋰(li)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)、鋰(li)離子電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)等(deng)。
第二(er)類:按工作性(xing)質和貯(zhu)存方式劃分包(bao)括(kuo):一次(ci)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),又稱原電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),即不能再充電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)的電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),如鋅錳(meng)干電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),鋰原電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);二(er)次(ci)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),即可(ke)充電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),如鎳氫電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian) 池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)、鋰離電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)、鎘鎳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)習慣上指鉛酸蓄(xu)(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),也是二(er)次(ci)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi);燃料電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),即活(huo)性(xing)材料在電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)工作時才(cai)連續(xu)不斷地從外部加入電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),如氫氧燃料電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng); 貯(zhu)備電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),即電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)貯(zhu)存時不直接(jie)接(jie)觸電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解液(ye),直到(dao)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)使用時,才(cai)加入電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解液(ye),如鎂化銀電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)又稱海水電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)。
第三類:按(an)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)所用(yong)正、負極材(cai)料(liao)劃分(fen)包括(kuo):鋅(xin)系列電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi),如鋅(xin)錳電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)、鋅(xin)銀(yin)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)(deng);鎳(nie)系列電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi),如鎘鎳(nie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)、氫(qing)鎳(nie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)(deng):鉛系列電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi),如鉛酸電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)(deng);鋰離子電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)、鋰錳電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi);二氧化(hua)錳系列電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi),如鋅(xin)錳電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)、堿錳電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)(deng);空氣(氧氣)系列電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi),如鋅(xin)空電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)(deng)
電(dian)池術語:
化學電源(又稱電池(chi)): 一種直(zhi)接把化學能轉變成電能的裝置。 
一(yi)次(ci)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(又稱原電(dian)(dian)池(chi)): 一(yi)種只能用(yong)來放(fang)電(dian)(dian),且在放(fang)電(dian)(dian)以后(hou)不(bu)能用(yong)充(chong)電(dian)(dian)的方法獲得復原并能再次(ci)使(shi)用(yong)的電(dian)(dian)池(chi)。 
二(er)次電池(又稱(cheng)充電電池): 一種在放電以(yi)后可(ke)以(yi)用充電的方(fang)法(fa)獲得復原并能再次使用的電池。 
開路(lu)電壓(ya): 外部電路(lu)斷開時,電池正負極之間的(de)電位差。 
負荷電(dian)(dian)壓: 電(dian)(dian)池(chi)輸出電(dian)(dian)流(liu)時,電(dian)(dian)池(chi)兩個極端的(de)電(dian)(dian)位(wei)差。 
標稱電(dian)壓(又稱額定(ding)電(dian)壓): 規定(ding)的電(dian)池開路電(dian)壓的最低值(zhi)。 
終止電壓(ya): 電池(chi)放電試驗中,規(gui)定結束放電的負荷(he)電壓(ya)。 
貯存壽命(ming): 電池在規定條件下的貯存期限,貯存結束(shu)時,電池仍能(neng)保持規定的性(xing)能(neng)。 
標稱容量: 在一定(ding)條件下,規定(ding)電池應該給(gei)出的最低限(xian)度(du)的電量。 
內阻: 電池內部兩極之間的電阻。 
循(xun)環壽命: 充(chong)電電池在失效前所能(neng)達到的(de)充(chong)放(fang)電循(xun)環次數。 
自放電(dian): 電(dian)池在荷電(dian)或貯存(cun)狀態下,由于各種原因而引起的容量損(sun)失的現象。 
放(fang)電(dian)率: 電(dian)池在規(gui)定(ding)(ding)時(shi)(shi)間內放(fang)出額定(ding)(ding)容量時(shi)(shi)所需的電(dian)流(liu)值(zhi);或按一(yi)定(ding)(ding)輸出電(dian)流(liu)放(fang)完額定(ding)(ding)容量時(shi)(shi)所需的時(shi)(shi)間。常(chang)用倍率(若干C)或時(shi)(shi)率表示(shi)。 
充(chong)電率(lv)(lv): 蓄電池在(zai)規定(ding)時(shi)間內充(chong)到(dao)額定(ding)容(rong)量所(suo)需(xu)(xu)的(de)電流(liu)值;或在(zai)一定(ding)電流(liu)下充(chong)到(dao)額定(ding)容(rong)量所(suo)需(xu)(xu)的(de)時(shi)間。一般用倍率(lv)(lv)(若干C)或時(shi)率(lv)(lv)表示。 
恒壓充(chong)電(dian): 充(chong)電(dian)時,保持(chi)充(chong)電(dian)器兩端(duan)電(dian)壓始終不變的一種充(chong)電(dian)方法(fa)。 
恒流(liu)充電(dian)(dian): 充電(dian)(dian)時,充電(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)流(liu)保持(chi)不變(bian)的一種充電(dian)(dian)方法。 
涓流充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian): 以低(di)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)率(C/100C/20)對蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)池進行恒流充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian),使電(dian)(dian)(dian)池保持全(quan)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)態(tai)的(de)一(yi)種(zhong)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)方法(fa)。 
記憶效應: 電(dian)池(chi)長時(shi)(shi)間經受(shou)特(te)定(ding)(ding)的工作循環后(hou),自(zi)動(dong)保持這一特(te)定(ding)(ding)的電(dian)性能(neng)。不能(neng)全部放出(chu)額定(ding)(ding)容(rong)量,只能(neng)達到(dao)常(chang)用(yong)的放電(dian)深度(du)。譬如:一只額定(ding)(ding)容(rong)量為(wei)100%的電(dian)池(chi),在(zai)使用(yong)時(shi)(shi),如果在(zai)尚未用(yong)完電(dian)量后(hou)就充電(dian),長期下去,電(dian)池(chi)就“記住了”這個“刻(ke)度(du)”,以(yi)后(hou)再(zai)充電(dian)時(shi)(shi),充到(dao)這個“刻(ke)度(du)”就再(zai)也不容(rong)易充進(jin)去了。 
爬堿(漏)液(ye)(ye): 電池內的電解液(ye)(ye)從(cong)正常情況下(xia)不與電解液(ye)(ye)接觸的電池外(wai)表(biao)面或電池部件上流(liu)出來。 
電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)/電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)組: 兩個以上的(de)(de)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)串聯、并聯在一起提供所(suo)需要操作的(de)(de)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)壓和電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流。一般使(shi)用下所(suo)說的(de)(de)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)僅指(zhi)單支電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)。 
放(fang)電(dian)電(dian)流:放(fang)電(dian)過程(cheng)中(zhong)需要多大(da)的電(dian)流放(fang)電(dian)。 
安全閥: 在電池蓋冒上設計的排氣小孔,當電池內部所釋放氣體的氣壓達到一定值時,小孔閥門自動打開排出氣體。上(shang)海(hai)施能電器設備有限公司始建(jian)于1984年,上海市高新技術企業,中國工業車輛優秀配套供應商,上海電器行業名優產品,主要生產工頻系列充電機,高頻系列充電機,鋰電池充電機系列放電機系列充放電機等電器產品。
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