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電池的分類和電池術語

2019/3/29 9:25:08??????點擊:
電池的(de)分(fen)類有(you)不同的(de)方法(fa),其分(fen)類方法(fa)大體上可分(fen)為三(san)大類
第一類:按電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解液種類劃分包括:堿(jian)性(xing)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解質主(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)以(yi)氫氧化鉀火溶液為(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)的電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi):如:堿(jian)性(xing)鋅錳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(俗稱(cheng)堿(jian)錳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)或堿(jian)性(xing)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi))、鎘鎳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),鎳氫 電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)等(deng)。酸(suan)性(xing)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),主(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)以(yi)硫酸(suan)水溶液為(wei)介(jie)質,如鋅錳干電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(有的消費者也(ye)稱(cheng)之為(wei)酸(suan)性(xing)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi))、海水電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)等(deng);有機電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解液電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),主(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)以(yi)有機溶液為(wei)介(jie)質的電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi),如 鋰電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)、鋰離子(zi)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)等(deng)。
第二(er)類:按工(gong)作性質和貯存(cun)方式劃分包括(kuo):一(yi)次(ci)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),又(you)稱(cheng)原(yuan)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),即(ji)(ji)不(bu)能再充電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)的電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),如(ru)鋅錳干電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),鋰(li)原(yuan)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)(deng);二(er)次(ci)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),即(ji)(ji)可充電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),如(ru)鎳氫電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian) 池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)、鋰(li)離電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)、鎘鎳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)(deng);蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)習慣上指鉛酸蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),也是(shi)二(er)次(ci)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi);燃料(liao)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),即(ji)(ji)活性材料(liao)在(zai)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)工(gong)作時才連續不(bu)斷地(di)從(cong)外(wai)部加入(ru)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),如(ru)氫氧(yang)燃料(liao)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)(deng); 貯備(bei)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi),即(ji)(ji)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)貯存(cun)時不(bu)直(zhi)接(jie)接(jie)觸電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解液(ye),直(zhi)到電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)使用(yong)時,才加入(ru)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解液(ye),如(ru)鎂化銀電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)又(you)稱(cheng)海水(shui)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)(deng)。
第三(san)類:按電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)所用正、負極材料劃(hua)分(fen)包括:鋅系(xi)(xi)列電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi),如鋅錳(meng)(meng)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)、鋅銀(yin)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);鎳(nie)系(xi)(xi)列電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi),如鎘(ge)鎳(nie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)、氫鎳(nie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng):鉛系(xi)(xi)列電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi),如鉛酸(suan)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);鋰(li)離(li)子電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)、鋰(li)錳(meng)(meng)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi);二氧化錳(meng)(meng)系(xi)(xi)列電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi),如鋅錳(meng)(meng)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)、堿錳(meng)(meng)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);空(kong)(kong)氣(氧氣)系(xi)(xi)列電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi),如鋅空(kong)(kong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)
電池術語:
化(hua)學電(dian)源(yuan)(又稱電(dian)池): 一種(zhong)直接把化(hua)學能轉變成電(dian)能的裝置。 
一次電(dian)池(又(you)稱原(yuan)電(dian)池): 一種只能(neng)用來放電(dian),且在放電(dian)以(yi)后不能(neng)用充(chong)電(dian)的(de)(de)方法獲得復(fu)原(yuan)并能(neng)再次使用的(de)(de)電(dian)池。 
二次電(dian)池(又稱充(chong)(chong)電(dian)電(dian)池): 一種在(zai)放(fang)電(dian)以后可以用(yong)充(chong)(chong)電(dian)的(de)方法獲得復原并能再(zai)次使(shi)用(yong)的(de)電(dian)池。 
開路電壓: 外(wai)部電路斷(duan)開時(shi),電池正(zheng)負極(ji)之間的電位(wei)差。 
負荷電(dian)壓: 電(dian)池輸出(chu)電(dian)流時,電(dian)池兩個(ge)極端的電(dian)位差。 
標稱電(dian)壓(又稱額定電(dian)壓): 規定的電(dian)池開路電(dian)壓的最低值。 
終止(zhi)電(dian)壓(ya): 電(dian)池放電(dian)試驗(yan)中,規定(ding)結(jie)束放電(dian)的負荷(he)電(dian)壓(ya)。 
貯存(cun)(cun)壽(shou)命: 電池在規(gui)定條件下(xia)的(de)貯存(cun)(cun)期限,貯存(cun)(cun)結束時,電池仍能(neng)保持(chi)規(gui)定的(de)性能(neng)。 
標稱容量(liang): 在一定(ding)條件下,規定(ding)電池(chi)應該(gai)給出的(de)最低限(xian)度的(de)電量(liang)。 
內阻: 電池內部兩極(ji)之間(jian)的電阻。 
循環(huan)壽(shou)命: 充電電池在失效(xiao)前所能達到的(de)充放電循環(huan)次數。 
自放電(dian): 電(dian)池在荷電(dian)或貯存狀態(tai)下,由于各種原(yuan)因而引起的容量損失的現象。 
放電(dian)率(lv): 電(dian)池(chi)在規(gui)定(ding)時(shi)(shi)間內放出額(e)定(ding)容(rong)量時(shi)(shi)所需的電(dian)流值;或按一定(ding)輸出電(dian)流放完額(e)定(ding)容(rong)量時(shi)(shi)所需的時(shi)(shi)間。常用倍(bei)率(lv)(若干C)或時(shi)(shi)率(lv)表(biao)示。 
充(chong)電率(lv): 蓄電池在規定時間內充(chong)到(dao)額定容(rong)量(liang)所(suo)需的電流值;或(huo)在一(yi)定電流下充(chong)到(dao)額定容(rong)量(liang)所(suo)需的時間。一(yi)般(ban)用(yong)倍率(lv)(若(ruo)干C)或(huo)時率(lv)表示。 
恒壓充電: 充電時,保持充電器(qi)兩端電壓始終(zhong)不變的一種充電方法。 
恒(heng)流充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian): 充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)時,充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)流保持不變的一種充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)方法。 
涓流充電: 以低充電率(C/100C/20)對蓄電池進行恒流充電,使(shi)電池保(bao)持全(quan)充電態的一種(zhong)充電方法。 
記憶效應: 電(dian)池(chi)(chi)長時(shi)間(jian)經受(shou)特定(ding)的工(gong)作循環后(hou),自動保持這一特定(ding)的電(dian)性(xing)能(neng)。不能(neng)全部放出(chu)額(e)定(ding)容量(liang),只(zhi)能(neng)達到常用的放電(dian)深度(du)。譬如(ru):一只(zhi)額(e)定(ding)容量(liang)為100%的電(dian)池(chi)(chi),在(zai)使用時(shi),如(ru)果在(zai)尚未用完電(dian)量(liang)后(hou)就(jiu)(jiu)充電(dian),長期下(xia)去,電(dian)池(chi)(chi)就(jiu)(jiu)“記住了(le)”這個(ge)“刻度(du)”,以(yi)后(hou)再充電(dian)時(shi),充到這個(ge)“刻度(du)”就(jiu)(jiu)再也不容易(yi)充進去了(le)。 
爬堿(漏)液(ye)(ye): 電(dian)池(chi)(chi)內的(de)(de)電(dian)解(jie)液(ye)(ye)從正常情(qing)況下(xia)不與(yu)電(dian)解(jie)液(ye)(ye)接觸(chu)的(de)(de)電(dian)池(chi)(chi)外表面(mian)或(huo)電(dian)池(chi)(chi)部件上流(liu)出來。 
電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)/電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)組: 兩(liang)個以上的(de)(de)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)串聯(lian)、并聯(lian)在一起提(ti)供(gong)所(suo)需(xu)要操作(zuo)的(de)(de)電(dian)(dian)壓和電(dian)(dian)流(liu)。一般使用下所(suo)說的(de)(de)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)僅指單支(zhi)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)。 
放電(dian)電(dian)流(liu):放電(dian)過程(cheng)中需要多大(da)的(de)電(dian)流(liu)放電(dian)。 
安全閥: 在電池蓋冒上設計的排氣小孔,當電池內部所釋放氣體的氣壓達到一定值時,小孔閥門自動打開排出氣體。上海施能電器(qi)設(she)備有限公司始建于1984年,上海市高新技術企業,中國工業車輛優秀配套供應商,上海電器行業名優產品,主要生產工頻系列充電機,高頻系列充電機,鋰電池充電機系列放電機系列充放電機等電器產品。
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