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電動汽車一般采用哪幾種電池?電動汽車的電池都有哪幾種

2019/3/11 14:22:55??????點擊:
  電(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)車(che)整(zheng)個車(che)身內(nei)的(de)(de)(de)零部件數(shu)不勝數(shu),但要(yao)是(shi)說核(he)心部件,電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)稱得上(shang)其(qi)中之(zhi)一(yi)(yi)。電(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)車(che)的(de)(de)(de)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)方面一(yi)(yi)直被(bei)視為電(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)車(che)發展的(de)(de)(de)重要(yao)標志(zhi)性技術,其(qi)性能的(de)(de)(de)好壞(huai)直接決定(ding)電(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)車(che)續航里程的(de)(de)(de)長(chang)短(duan),所以,購買電(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)車(che)之(zhi)前(qian),了解您想要(yao)購買的(de)(de)(de)電(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)的(de)(de)(de)電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)知識,是(shi)非(fei)常必要(yao)的(de)(de)(de)。那今天一(yi)(yi)起和(he)小編圍觀電(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)(dong)(dong)汽(qi)(qi)(qi)車(che)一(yi)(yi)般采(cai)用哪幾種電(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)吧。
  鉛酸蓄電池(chi)已有(you)100多年的(de)歷史,廣泛用(yong)作內燃機(ji)汽(qi)車(che)的(de)起動(dong)(dong)動(dong)(dong)力(li)源。它也是(shi)(shi)成(cheng)熟的(de)電動(dong)(dong)汽(qi)車(che)蓄電池(chi),它可(ke)靠性(xing)好、原材料易得、價(jia)格(ge)便宜;比(bi)功率也基本上(shang)能滿足(zu)電動(dong)(dong)汽(qi)車(che)的(de)動(dong)(dong)力(li)性(xing)要(yao)求。但它有(you)兩大(da)缺點(dian);一是(shi)(shi)比(bi)能量低,所占的(de)質(zhi)量和體積太(tai)大(da),且一次充電行駛里程較(jiao)短;另一個是(shi)(shi)使(shi)用(yong)壽命短,使(shi)用(yong)成(cheng)本過高。
  鋰離子(zi)二次電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)作為新(xin)型高(gao)電(dian)(dian)壓、高(gao)能量(liang)(liang)密度的(de)(de)(de)可(ke)充電(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi),其(qi)(qi)獨特(te)的(de)(de)(de)物理(li)和電(dian)(dian)化(hua)學性能,具有(you)廣泛的(de)(de)(de)民用(yong)和國防應(ying)用(yong)的(de)(de)(de)前景。其(qi)(qi)突出的(de)(de)(de)特(te)點(dian)是:重量(liang)(liang)輕、儲(chu)能大、無污染、無記憶(yi)效應(ying)、使用(yong)壽(shou)命長。在(zai)同體(ti)積重量(liang)(liang)情(qing)況下,鋰電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)的(de)(de)(de)蓄電(dian)(dian)能力(li)是鎳(nie)氫電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)的(de)(de)(de)1.6倍,是鎳(nie)鎘電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)的(de)(de)(de)4倍,并且人類只(zhi)開發利(li)用(yong)了其(qi)(qi)理(li)論電(dian)(dian)量(liang)(liang)的(de)(de)(de)20%~30%,開發前景非常光明。同時(shi)它是一種(zhong)真正的(de)(de)(de)綠色(se)環(huan)保電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi),不會對環(huan)境(jing)造(zao)成污染,是目前最佳的(de)(de)(de)能應(ying)用(yong)到電(dian)(dian)動(dong)車上的(de)(de)(de)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)。我國從二十(shi)世紀九十(shi)年代開始開發和利(li)用(yong)鋰離子(zi)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi),至(zhi)今已(yi)取得突破性進(jin)展,研制(zhi)出了完(wan)全擁(yong)有(you)自主(zhu)知識產權的(de)(de)(de)鋰離子(zi)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)。
  鎳(nie)氫(qing)蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)屬于堿性電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi),鎳(nie)氫(qing)蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)循環(huan)使(shi)用(yong)壽(shou)命較長,無記憶效應,但價格較高。國外生產電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)汽車鎳(nie)氫(qing)蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)的公司(si)主要(yao)是Ovonie、豐田和松下的一(yi)個合資(zi)公司(si)。Ovonie現(xian)有(you)80A·h和130A·h兩種單(dan)元電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi),其(qi)比(bi)能(neng)量(liang)達75-80W·h/kg,循環(huan)使(shi)用(yong)壽(shou)命超過(guo)600次(ci)。這(zhe)種蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)裝在幾種電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)動(dong)汽車上試用(yong),其(qi)中(zhong)(zhong)一(yi)類車一(yi)次(ci)充(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)可行駛345km,有(you)一(yi)輛(liang)車一(yi)年(nian)中(zhong)(zhong)行駛了(le)8萬(wan)多公里。由于價格較高,目前尚未大(da)批量(liang)生產。國內已開發出(chu)55A·h和100A·h 單(dan)元電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi),比(bi)能(neng)量(liang)達65 W·h/kg,功(gong)率密度大(da)于800W/kg的鎳(nie)氫(qing)蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)。
  每個事物都會有對應的兩面性,電動汽車電池也不例外,自然利弊都存在。所以各位想買車的車主,還是根據自己的需要,購買相應電池的電動汽車,這樣不論使用、充電還是保養,才不會有太大問題,才不會影響你的生活。電動汽車的保養跟傳統汽車是有很大區別得的,每次充電放電之后,電池的蓄電能力就會降低一點。但是,如果保養得當,還是可以有效地保護電池的。希望小編分享的關于電動汽車一般采用哪幾種電池的相關信息可以幫助大家更好地認知。上海施能電器設備有限公(gong)司(si)始建于1984年(nian),上海市高新技術企業,中國工業車輛優秀配套供應商,上海電器行業名優產品,主要生產工頻系列充電機,高頻系列充電機,鋰電池充電機,系列放電機,系列充放電機等電器產品。
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